OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY


OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY

PREVENTIVE MEASURES IN A TYPICAL INDUSTRY (UNDER OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH).

Recent experiences of participating countries in the ILO Finnish funded Asian-Pacific Regional Programme on Occupational Safety and Health demonstrate that tripartite consensus on practical steps, is crucial for effective national and industry-wide campaigns on occupational safety and health.

In planning and implementing the programme of action, practical steps reflecting national priorities should include the   following:

Step 1: Collect information on recent occupational safety and health experiences, including national statistics on work-related accidents and diseases.

Step 2: Formulate a national policy on preventive measures for hazardous occupations as part of the National development plan.

Step 3: Select priority industries and occupations.

Step 4: Consult employers, unions and other concerned bodies to agree on consultative mechanisms, planned action, resources and timetables.

Step 5: Review relevant legislation and plan to upgrade them through consultative mechanisms.

Step 6: Upgrade workers’ compensation schemes and reporting procedures for occupational accidents and diseases.

Step 7: Establish and strengthen the system for diagnosing occupational diseases.

Step 8: Strengthen inspection and advisory services, and train inspectors for effective enforcement and advisory functions.

Step 9: Hold workshops for key people to secure the cooperation of inspectorates, safety and health institutions, training institutions, employers’ and workers’ organizations, and other relevant bodies.

Step 10: Integrate action plans for hazardous occupations into national and industry promotional campaigns — such as national safety weeks — and facilitate monitoring and evaluation activities through national and industry – level tripartite meetings, seminars and workshops on occupational safety and health.

Step 11: Identify and publicize “best practice’ enterprises and simple, practical improvements.

Step 12: Identify and promote opportunities for integrating planned occupational safety and health action into existing industry reform initiatives.

Step 13: Mobilize resources and expertise at all levels for action-oriented training programmes on hazardous occupations for employers, line managers, supervisors and workers.

Step 14: Provide direct support for Training activities in preventive measures in hazardous occupations through the development and dissemination of practical training manuals, checklists and audiovisual materials.

Step 15: Strengthen existing channels for disseminating such ready-to-use information material by establishing a national occupational safety and health information network. 

Step 16: Utilize seminars, workshops, and exhibitions to exchange positive experiences on safety and health action in hazardous occupations.

Box 2 summarizes these steps.

REFERENCES

    1. Encyclopaedia of occupational health and safety (Geneva, 1983)
    2. Higher productivity and a better place to work: Action manual (Geneva, 1988)
    3. Major hazard control: A practical manual (Geneva, 2nd impression, 1990)
    4. Occupational exposure to airborne substances harmful to health: An ILO code of practice (Geneva, 3rd impression, 1991)
    5. Prevention of major industrial accidents: An ILO code of practice (Geneva, 1991)
    6. Safety, health and welfare on construction sites: A training manual (Geneva, 1995
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Posted on July 10, 2012, in Categorized and tagged , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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