OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY
PREVENTIVE MEASURES IN A TYPICAL INDUSTRY (UNDER OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH).
Recent experiences of participating countries in the ILO Finnish funded Asian-Pacific Regional Programme on Occupational Safety and Health demonstrate that tripartite consensus on practical steps, is crucial for effective national and industry-wide campaigns on occupational safety and health.
In planning and implementing the programme of action, practical steps reflecting national priorities should include the following:
Step 1: Collect information on recent occupational safety and health experiences, including national statistics on work-related accidents and diseases.
Step 3: Select priority industries and occupations.
Step 4: Consult employers, unions and other concerned bodies to agree on consultative mechanisms, planned action, resources and timetables.
Step 5: Review relevant legislation and plan to upgrade them through consultative mechanisms.
Step 6: Upgrade workers’ compensation schemes and reporting procedures for occupational accidents and diseases.
Step 7: Establish and strengthen the system for diagnosing occupational diseases.
Step 8: Strengthen inspection and advisory services, and train inspectors for effective enforcement and advisory functions.
Step 9: Hold workshops for key people to secure the cooperation of inspectorates, safety and health institutions, training institutions, employers’ and workers’ organizations, and other relevant bodies.
Step 10: Integrate action plans for hazardous occupations into national and industry promotional campaigns — such as national safety weeks — and facilitate monitoring and evaluation activities through national and industry – level tripartite meetings, seminars and workshops on occupational safety and health.
Step 11: Identify and publicize “best practice’ enterprises and simple, practical improvements.
Step 12: Identify and promote opportunities for integrating planned occupational safety and health action into existing industry reform initiatives.
Step 13: Mobilize resources and expertise at all levels for action-oriented training programmes on hazardous occupations for employers, line managers, supervisors and workers.
Step 14: Provide direct support for Training activities in preventive measures in hazardous occupations through the development and dissemination of practical training manuals, checklists and audiovisual materials.
Step 15: Strengthen existing channels for disseminating such ready-to-use information material by establishing a national occupational safety and health information network.
Step 16: Utilize seminars, workshops, and exhibitions to exchange positive experiences on safety and health action in hazardous occupations.
Box 2 summarizes these steps.
- Encyclopaedia of occupational health and safety (Geneva, 1983)
- Higher productivity and a better place to work: Action manual (Geneva, 1988)
- Major hazard control: A practical manual (Geneva, 2nd impression, 1990)
- Occupational exposure to airborne substances harmful to health: An ILO code of practice (Geneva, 3rd impression, 1991)
- Prevention of major industrial accidents: An ILO code of practice (Geneva, 1991)
- Safety, health and welfare on construction sites: A training manual (Geneva, 1995
Posted on July 10, 2012, in Categorized and tagged Employment, Geneva, Government Agencies, Health, International Labour Organization, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Occupational safety and health, Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.