live history of computer


The History of Computers


 

history of computers
“Who invented the computer?” is not a question with a simple answer. The real answer is that many inventors contributed to the history of computers and that a computer is a complex piece of machinery made up of many parts, each of which can be considered a separate invention.

 

This series covers many of the major milestones in computer history (but not all of them) with a concentration on the history of personal home computers.

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Computer History
Year/Enter
Computer History
Inventors/Inventions
Computer History
Description of Event
1936 Konrad Zuse – Z1 Computer First freely programmable computer.
1942 John Atanasoff & Clifford Berry
ABC Computer
Who was first in the computing biz is not always as easy as ABC.
1944 Howard Aiken & Grace Hopper
Harvard Mark I Computer
The Harvard Mark 1 computer.
1946 John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly
ENIAC 1 Computer
20,000 vacuum tubes later…
1948 Frederic Williams & Tom Kilburn
Manchester Baby Computer & The Williams Tube
Baby and the Williams Tube turn on the memories.
1947/48 John Bardeen, Walter Brattain & Wiliam Shockley
The Transistor
No, a transistor is not a computer, but this invention greatly affected the history of computers.
1951 John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly
UNIVAC Computer
First commercial computer & able to pick presidential winners.
1953 International Business Machines
IBM 701 EDPM Computer
IBM enters into The History of Computers.
1954 John Backus & IBM
FORTRAN Computer Programming Language
The first successful high level programming language.

1955
(In Use 1959)

Stanford Research Institute, Bank of America, and General Electric
ERMA and MICR
The first bank industry computer – also MICR (magnetic ink character recognition) for reading checks.
1958 Jack Kilby & Robert Noyce
The Integrated Circuit
Otherwise known as ‘The Chip’
1962 Steve Russell & MIT
Spacewar Computer Game
The first computer game invented.
1964 Douglas Engelbart
Computer Mouse & Windows
Nicknamed the mouse because the tail came out the end.
1969 ARPAnet The original Internet.
1970 Intel 1103 Computer Memory The world’s first available dynamic RAM chip.
1971 Faggin, Hoff & Mazor
Intel 4004 Computer Microprocessor
The first microprocessor.
1971 Alan Shugart &IBM
The “Floppy” Disk
Nicknamed the “Floppy” for its flexibility.
1973 Robert Metcalfe & Xerox
The Ethernet Computer Networking
Networking.
1974/75 Scelbi & Mark-8 Altair & IBM 5100 Computers The first consumer computers.
1976/77 Apple I, II & TRS-80 & Commodore Pet Computers More first consumer computers.
1978 Dan Bricklin & Bob Frankston
VisiCalc Spreadsheet Software
Any product that pays for itself in two weeks is a surefire winner.
1979 Seymour Rubenstein & Rob Barnaby
WordStar Software
Word Processors.
1981 IBM
The IBM PC – Home Computer
From an “Acorn” grows a personal computer revolution
1981 Microsoft
MS-DOS Computer Operating System
From “Quick And Dirty” comes the operating system of the century.
1983 Apple Lisa Computer The first home computer with a GUI, graphical user interface.
1984 Apple Macintosh Computer The more affordable home computer with a GUI.
1985 Microsoft Windows Microsoft begins the friendly war with Apple.
SERIES TO BE CONTINUED


The History of Computers


history of computers
“Who invented the computer?” is not a question with a simple answer. The real answer is that many inventors contributed to the history of computers and that a computer is a complex piece of machinery made up of many parts, each of which can be considered a separate invention.

This series covers many of the major milestones in computer history (but not all of them) with a concentration on the history of personal home computers.

Ads

Real-Time DB MonitoringFor AS/400, iSeries) Be notified of critical events.www.PowerTech.com

RHD BMW 6-Series From UKWe Source And Arrange Shipping from The UK For All BMW 6-Series.MHHInternational.com/_UK_6_Series

Great HP Laptop OffersLimited time offers, simply place order online & have it deliveredwww.pcworld.co.ke

 

Computer History
Year/Enter
Computer History
Inventors/Inventions
Computer History
Description of Event
1936 Konrad Zuse – Z1 Computer First freely programmable computer.
1942 John Atanasoff & Clifford Berry
ABC Computer
Who was first in the computing biz is not always as easy as ABC.
1944 Howard Aiken & Grace Hopper
Harvard Mark I Computer
The Harvard Mark 1 computer.
1946 John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly
ENIAC 1 Computer
20,000 vacuum tubes later…
1948 Frederic Williams & Tom Kilburn
Manchester Baby Computer & The Williams Tube
Baby and the Williams Tube turn on the memories.
1947/48 John Bardeen, Walter Brattain & Wiliam Shockley
The Transistor
No, a transistor is not a computer, but this invention greatly affected the history of computers.
1951 John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly
UNIVAC Computer
First commercial computer & able to pick presidential winners.
1953 International Business Machines
IBM 701 EDPM Computer
IBM enters into The History of Computers.
1954 John Backus & IBM
FORTRAN Computer Programming Language
The first successful high level programming language.

1955
(In Use 1959)

Stanford Research Institute, Bank of America, and General Electric
ERMA and MICR
The first bank industry computer – also MICR (magnetic ink character recognition) for reading checks.
1958 Jack Kilby & Robert Noyce
The Integrated Circuit
Otherwise known as ‘The Chip’
1962 Steve Russell & MIT
Spacewar Computer Game
The first computer game invented.
1964 Douglas Engelbart
Computer Mouse & Windows
Nicknamed the mouse because the tail came out the end.
1969 ARPAnet The original Internet.
1970 Intel 1103 Computer Memory The world’s first available dynamic RAM chip.
1971 Faggin, Hoff & Mazor
Intel 4004 Computer Microprocessor
The first microprocessor.
1971 Alan Shugart &IBM
The “Floppy” Disk
Nicknamed the “Floppy” for its flexibility.
1973 Robert Metcalfe & Xerox
The Ethernet Computer Networking
Networking.
1974/75 Scelbi & Mark-8 Altair & IBM 5100 Computers The first consumer computers.
1976/77 Apple I, II & TRS-80 & Commodore Pet Computers More first consumer computers.
1978 Dan Bricklin & Bob Frankston
VisiCalc Spreadsheet Software
Any product that pays for itself in two weeks is a surefire winner.
1979 Seymour Rubenstein & Rob Barnaby
WordStar Software
Word Processors.
1981 IBM
The IBM PC – Home Computer
From an “Acorn” grows a personal computer revolution
1981 Microsoft
MS-DOS Computer Operating System
From “Quick And Dirty” comes the operating system of the century.
1983 Apple Lisa Computer The first home computer with a GUI, graphical user interface.
1984 Apple Macintosh Computer The more affordable home computer with a GUI.
1985 Microsoft Windows Microsoft begins the friendly war with Apple.
SERIES TO BE CONTINUED

This page and all ( history of computers, computer history ) articles written by Mary Bellis

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Posted on March 24, 2012, in Categorized and tagged , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. 1 Comment.

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