live history of computer in Deep
|This is a searchable directory about the history of computers, computing and a timeline of the history of computers and early calculating machines has been included. Our timeline includes developments in the 1600’s and their impact on computing. The development of the modern day computer was the result of advances in technologies and man’s need to quantify. (The abacus was one of the first counting machines. Calculating machines were sold commercially before the advent of steel manufacturing technologies. Papyrus was something to write on, before we had paper. Writing was a way to record mathematical calculations.) This history of computers site includes the names of early pioneers of math and computing and links to related sites for further study. A new “Timeline of the History of Computers and Related Technologies” has been added. This site was designed to be used by students assigned topics about the history of computers and computing. Original articles are footnoted and related links are included. One important purpose of this Web page, is to debunk myths some people create, such as “we have computers because of the military” (Not true). We have computers because man wanted to quantify as early as the ancient Chinese Dynasties, when they created the abacus and used it for calculating, and adding and subtracting in particular… Babbage and Lovelace were “programming” machines as early as the 1800’s before any military computer in this country. 1801 was the creation of the Jacquard loom which used “punch cards”. Cathode Ray Tubes (CRTs) have been around since 1885 and the US gov’t first used a computer in the 1950’s. Great Britain’s COLOSSUS was developed before the ENGIGMA, so people trying to perpetuate the importance of the US military in the development of computer technologies is doing a disservice to students. Electronics and related computer development, and the invention of the transistor were all independent of military intent. If anything, even the totalisator machines were created for statistical purposes and have been used for horse racing, not rocket science. I love my Mac, and it has no military background that I am aware of. Military computers did not have integrated circuits like PC computer chips either… Stop saying computer development was military in origin… simply can’t back it up with fact. Yes, the military also had old computers, just like my Commodore was old… but they weren’t related… no tubes in my commodore, that was different technology altogether than a military monster computer with vacuum tubes… mechanical relays… ta dah… that was hot stuff in that age.|
[A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [J] [K] [L] [M]
[N] [O] [P] [Q] [R] [S] [T] [U] [V] [W] [X] [Y] [Z]
The Abacus (Hitmill.com: Good pictures, overview, brief history, definition, counting boards, bibliography, and links for further study)
A Brief History of the Abacus
ADA , the programming language.
Apple Computer (company) History by Silicon Valley Historical
ATANASOFF, JOHN VINCENT
BYRON, LADY AUGUSTA ADA
CERF, VINTON G. Co-inventor of TCP/IP Protocol for the Internet
CODD, EDGAR F. Database Pioneer, Key Theorist of Databases
COMPUTER HISTORY DIRECTORIES (submitted to, and approved by Hitmill.com for student use.) Criteria: References listed. No photo plageurism. Copyright respected. No commercialism, as pages are used in the World’s classrooms.
History of Computing Information this Web author would have you believe that computers are here because of the military but the USA wasn’t even a thought yet when Babbage and Lovelace were working on and programming machines before the Industrial Revolution, before the production of steel, so the “because of the Army or because of the military is all wet… Eisenhower was President when Russian launched Sputnik and that was a scientific embarassment. In late 1957 (October) Sputnik was launched. It didn’t take long for the President to ask for and for Congress to vote to create ARPA. (See ARPA links) Later, a branch off of ARPA became NASA and they used computers but projects were space oriented.. ARPANET was the non-military branch that created the Internet nodes, first being at the non-military UCLA. The ARMY could have computers because of pre-exisiting technologies that had no prior connection with the military. Stop giving the military the credit for having computers… The military had a need and had computers built to fill a need, but none of the technologies up until then had to do with the military’s think tank… The inventors were independent of the US military, or had been civililians when asked to help the military to build the computers.
Home of Adobe Software
Dijkstra, Edsger and his Shortest Path Algorithm (topic: Programming)
ENGLEBART, DOUGLAS C.
GATES, WILLIAM H III
Graphical User Interface
Historic Computer Images (army.mil)
Internet Pioneers The Advanced Research Projects Agency was created in 1959 by an Act of Congress. In 1962 J.C.R.Licklider went to work for ARPA and it was his suggestion that a computer network be established. Read about the events that unfolded.
Net Valley’s History of the Internet, Web, Silicon Valley.
JOBS, STEVE PAUL
KING, ADA BYRON
Mind Machine Museum (SFSU.edu)
MAUCHLY, JOHN W.
OPERATING SYSTEMS are considered part of Software of the computer.. related to Programming.
People, Pioneers in Computing, Including Notable Women in Computing Topic is other Web sites having these topics, but this page has names throughout.
Also, Programming languages have been indexed alphabetically. PROGRAMMING, Pascal Programming Language All things Pascal Directory of links about the Pascal Open Source>BR> See also cetus-links.org for programming languages.
Shareware, History of
Shortest Path Algorith
STIBITZ, GEORGE R.
Tech. History (si.edu)
Virtual Museum of Computing
|Real Knowledge – Your Online Source For Computer Information
Related Links Having Computer History Significance, and a Hitmill.com Review of the sites at Google’s History of Computers List.
small site, with a smattering of information, condensed timeline of 27 entries from just the 20th century by About.com. ABOUT.COM’S SURVEY of computer history site, briefly does a fair job of touching the bare surface of the late historical period of the 20th century with some entries in the 21st century but nothing here about 1600’s-1899. Not much depth here, but there is a lot of name dropping. If you need a name, they got ’em. Would be nice to see more Bibliographies, more detail and more depth. Might be suitable for grade school students. Not enough depth for research. This is not a significant computer history site, with omissions of important early works, but is owned by a corporation that can afford to do better.
Timeline only from 1939 – 1994 also omits earlier developments. This is a good site for information from that narrow time range and it includes personal information about some of the people involved in computer technology in only the 20th century, so far. Altair, Commodore-64 machines are covered, and other earlier computers such as the machines produced by Konrad Zuse, and his Z4. Site has a push for monetary donations. Commercial site.
Pictures Site has many pictures, not all from the public domain, but the pictures are not sourced and I )regret that a site supposedly for students has no source information from where they took/acquired the photographic images. I would like to know if they have permission to use the approx. (stated 50 pictures.?? (Students: you are not to use copyrighted information nor photographs on a Web site without stating the source AND having written permission or you are violating copyright.) This site deserves removal from the list until sourcing or a note about copyright has been included… permissions are necessary, and must be visibly sourced,referencing the copyright holder, by law.
Computer HardwareGood coverage of computer hardware and calculating history, early Russian, Australian, German and British machines included in the discussion, along with American machines. Excellent References and Footnotes… This site deserves #1 on Googles list. Wake up, Google team.. take a look. this site has hours of work.
Hitmill.com’s History of Computers has been a leader in the History of Computers parade of sites since 1998, raising the bar and challenging others to get better. A 65-year old grandmother hand-coded this page (and this entire domain, which began in 1998) in NotePad, to show students that Web pages can be made without buying software. The site is in the process of adding a timeline and should not be relegated down at the fifth level for it is a quality page with depth, sourcing, footnoting, and Bibliographies in its multiple page structure. Obviously well planned with the research students in mind. This site has grown up, since 1998, and remains a top “History of Computers and Computing Timeline” Web site. A historical site made with raw HTML and no software. Non-commercial, non-corporate site, not asking for money, with a couple of click-ads from Google quietly generating pennies for Grandma’s hosting.
TIMELINE About Computer History and Related Early Machines and Technologies
(A History of Computers Timeline)
(timeline under development) Again, we cannot over-emphasize that computers were invented and calculating machines were invented all because of man’s need to quantify. Those wanting to quantify also needed predictability in the World. Mathematicians used to use a lot of logarithms and had books of algorithms made by a person who did the calculations and such a person was called a “calculator”. By the 17th and 18th Centuries we were already migrating gradually into an age where machines would be able to perform the calculations instead of a person. The ideas were coming from mathematicians faster than the technology of steel production and before steel gear technology… the earliest “machines” were designed for wooden “gears”. Computer input was designed to be done with punch cards which would be “read” by the machine. The earliest machines could only perform one type of mathematical calculation such as subtraction. Take a look at this timeline and be surprised with how early we had machines that could perform a calculation.