PAST AND CURRENT INTERVENTIONS IN ADDRESSING


PAST AND CURRENT INTERVENTIONS IN ADDRESSING POVERTY IN TURKANA COUNTY

PRESENTATION ON POVERTY MARK EKAI LOKAITO

Mr.Mark addressed the issues of interventions explored in Turkana  county based on the population 1999 which the Turkana people were 450 000 and 2009 the population increases to 855,399 people and about 573,395 that is 90% of the population is on poverty  ground. He mentioned about poverty by asking what is meant by the term

 

Question-What is poverty? He the definitions of the word poverty as-

A relative term, which means, lacking the means for adequate subsistence. Hence it requires a local definition of what is considered adequate subsistence for its meaning to be understood in a particular society/community.2.7% of the National poverty for Urban is poor about 106,125(60%) population and rural is poor with 182842 (59%) population

Food poverty/256,756 that is (73%)

 

Causes of poverty in Turkana County

Main

a.    Raids (cattle rustling)

b.   Outbreak of contagious livestock diseases e.g.PPR,CBPP,CCPP e.c.t

c.    Drought which causes famine

d.   Other contributing factors like-

§  Fear of raids

§  Sedentarization

§  Family labor constraint

NB-All the above tend to reduce the traditional mobility of pastoralists and their livestock resulting in localized overgrazing and rangeland degradation.

Interventions explored in addressing poverty in Turkana County

1. History       -Traditional sharing mechanisms (Akisiecha and Akilipa)

                      -Emergency Relief Food hence, since 1958/60 there have been drought in Turkana

                      -Alternative livelihoods like hunting, gathering and rain fed farming (sorghum)

2. Currently-There are

  • General Food Distriction(GFD)
  • Cash transfers by (HSNP), Oxfam, Help age(Elderly)
  • Restocking progammes by GOK,Oxfam and other partners
  • Development programmes such as-

1. Fishing

2. Irrigated crop production

3. Rain water harvesting structures for rain fed crops production

4. Small scale trade

  • Emerging livelihoods such as

i.  Poultry keeping

ii.  Bee keeping

iii.  Basketry

iv.  Fish farming(ponds building)

1. By improvement programmes by GOK and partners

2. Water development such as bore hole shallow wells, earth dams and sand dams

3. Cross-breeding of local and exotics breeds

4. Reseeding of denuded grazing areas

5. Re-introduction of “Epaka”/enclosure in dry season grazing areas

NB-Conclusion-In order for the above interventions to succeed and be sustainable, there is a need for local people to be involved from the beginning, i.e. project identification, implementation, monitoring and evaluation.

 

Advertisements

Posted on March 23, 2012, in Categorized and tagged , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: