Sexuality and Sexual


SEXUALITY AND SEXUAL

 Sexuality and sexual behavior encompass a vast area of human nature and behavior. However, in most societies, these issues are usually not a matter of open discussions.

Consequently, it has been found that many people have very little knowledge of issues related sexual health, sexuality etc., and whatever little they know (acquired through friends, relatives, peers, pornographic literature etc.) is often incomplete, full of myth and for removed from any scientific validation. The Ambivalence and inhibition about sex is very large even in the mind of educated individuals (Ganguli 1988, Nag; 1994).

These behavioral attributes becomes significant such that that ignorance (encompassing lack of access and inability to act on information) about safe sex is the largest contributing factor in the spread of HIV/AIDS today, the behavioral change communication (BCC) initiatives envisage that to promote safe sex practices, the first logical step is to build an understanding of the issues related to sexual health and sexuality. This change can best be achieved by creating an enabling environment and opportunities for the people to freely deliberate, seek and validate information on these and related issues.

Dialogue provides opportunities to people to talk freely with the people of same and/or opposite sex. It also enables men and women to seek and articulate information. These processes help in building an enabling environment for demystifying sex and sexuality.

Dialogue is ideal for BCC initiatives to create awareness and educate people on various aspects of sexual health, STD, HIV/AIDS and to promote safe sex practices, including use of condom.

Dialogue is likely to be more effective in community setting because in these situations, social pressures for normative behavior, behavioral change and adoption of safe sex practices (in case of risk behavior) are more pronounced.

 OBJECTIVES

This paper presents the findings of an operations research project undertaken with

the following objectives;

a) to assess the perception and behavior of men and women towards sexuality and sexual health.

b) to identify Information needs of men and women in the context of

sexuality, sexual health and safe sex, and

c) to meet these information needs through dialogue by creating an enabling environment, and

d) to empower men and women to adopt safe sex practices. This project was funded

 METHODS

This project has two phases – research and intervention. In the research component of the project, 2000 married men and women (equal number) in sexually active age group of 20-50 years from 40 selected rural and urban localities in two The number of participants in FGDs, key informant interviews and case studies is as follows:

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Posted on March 3, 2012, in Categorized and tagged , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. 1 Comment.

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